How to make coco peat is a topic which benefits begginers to skilled farm-lovers.
I always wondered what happens to the shell that remains after drinking coconut water.
Someone was carrying a lot of coconut shell home, it seemed stupid. But later it was found that no part of coconut is useless.
Man has learned to use all parts of coconut. The outer part of the coconut shell consists of fiber. This fiber is used to make rope, rugs, mattress and coco peat.
What is Coco Peat?View on Amazon
A husk like thing extracted from coconut fiber. It is called coco-peat or coir dust. It is a brown spongy material that binds the fibers.
A ripe coconut contains about 40-60% of the husk.
Coconut shell was immersed in water and left for 2-3 months. Then, Fibers and husk were separated from hands.
In modern times, the fibers and coco peat are separated by machine.
Cocopite was first used in Holland in 1980 to grow flowers. The results were very good. Cocoapeat is currently being used extensively for gardening.
Now factories are being set up to make cocopeat.
Nutrients are found in abundance in cocopite. It is used for farming using soilless or hydroponic techniques.
About 4 kg of cocopeat can be made from 25-35 coconut shells. 50-60% of cocopeat is supplied from Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Why Use Cocopeat?
Some amazing facts
Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and zinc are found in abundance in cocopite.
Cocopite has an amazing ability to absorb water. 1 kg of cocopite can absorb 15 liters of water, in which there is no need to water the plant quickly.
The ability to maintain humidity is very high (600–800%). The capacity of aeration and drainage is tremendous.
Cocopeat absorb nutrients and give them to the plants as per their requirement.
Hydroponic plants grown in cocopeat grows 50% faster than soil. There is no need for fertilizer and pesticides in cocopeat.
Read this before using coco peat
Wash it thoroughly before use.
Use coco peat manure for farming.
It is the one among good organic fertilizer.
A 50% soil mix and 50% coco peat mixture for planting the pot gives very good results.
How to make coco peat at home
Collect coconut husk in a clean place. Dry the fiber out like this. After drying, cut small pieces with axe.
Finely grind in the grinder so that the fluff separates.
Sieve the powder and separate it. Separate some remaining fibers by selecting them from the hands.
Wash the filtered coco peat thoroughly with water. But soak it in water and leave it for 1 hour. Then squeeze its water with hands.
Fill the coco peat in the pot and leave it to dry for 1 day. Now your coco peat is ready to use.
Use of ready made bricks of coco peat
Readymade bricks are available in the market. About 4 liters of hot water is required for each bricks.
Put the brick in the hot water and leave it for 2 hours. Then squeeze its water with hands.
Then let it dry for 1 day in the sun. Now your coco peat is ready to use.
Use of coco peat
It is a very good means of growing plants using hydroponic technology.
Very good for mixing with pottery soil. Can be mixed with any type of soil.
There is a very good bed for earthworms.
It is a good medium for growing seeds. Because its ability to absorb water and maintain humidity is unmatched.
It does not require fertilizer. It can be used continuously for 4 years.
This peat is very cheap. It is also used as fertilizer.
Price and availability
It is available online on Amazon. You can also buy it from government or private shops.
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