How to make Coco Peat : Uses and Benefits

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    Coco-Peat is the fertilizer for modern era. today, i would like to discuss “How to make coco peat”.

    This is very beneficial for all farm lovers, either they are beginners or skilled.

    I always wondered what happens to the shell that remains after drinking coconut water.

    Sometimes we saw that someone carrying a lot of coconut shell to home. It seemed stupid. But later, it was found that no part of coconut is useless.

    Man has learned to use all parts of coconut. The outer part of the coconut shell consists of fiber. Fiber is used to make many items like rope, rugs, mattress and peat.

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    General Facts

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    Characteristics of Coco Peat

    What is Coco peat?

    A husk like thing extracted from coconut fiber is called coco-peat or coir dust. It is a brown spongy material that binds the fibers.

    A ripe coconut contains about 40-60% of the husk.

    Coconut shell was immersed in water and left for 2 to 3 months. Then, Fibers and husk can get separated from hands.

    Now automatic machines are used to separate fibers and peat.

    Cocopite was first used in Holland in 1980 to grow flowers. The results were very good. Cocoapeat is currently being used extensively as fertilizer for gardening.

    Now factories are being set up to make cocopeat.

    Nutrients are found in abundance in cocopite. It is used for farming using soilless or hydroponic techniques.

    About 4 kg of cocopeat can be made from 25-35 coconut shells. 50-60% of cocopeat is supplied from Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

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    Uses and Benefits of Coco Peat

    Use of ready made bricks

    Readymade bricks are available in the market. About 4 liters of hot water is required for each bricks.

    Put the brick in the hot water and leave it for 2 hours. Then squeeze its water with hands.

    Then let it dry for 1 day in the sun. Now your peat is ready to use.

    Use of powder peat

    It is a very good means of growing plants using hydroponic technology.

    Very good for mixing with pottery soil. It can be mixed with any type of soil.

    There is a very good bed for earthworms.

    It is a good medium for growing seeds. The ability to absorb water and maintain humidity is unmatched.

    It does not require fertilizer and can be used continuously for 4 years.

    The peat is very cheap and can be used as fertilizer.

    Benefits of Coco Peat

    Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and zinc are found in abundance in cocopite.

    Cocopite has an amazing ability to absorb water. 1 kg of cocopite can absorb 15 liters of water, in which there is no need to water the plant quickly.

    The ability to maintain humidity is very high (600–800%). The capacity of aeration and drainage is tremendous.

    Cocopeat absorb nutrients and give them to the plants as per their requirement.

    Hydroponic plants grown in cocopeat grows 50% faster than soil. There is no need for fertilizer and pesticides in cocopeat.

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    How to make coco peat at home

    Step 1

    Collect coconut husk in a clean place. Dry the fiber out like this. After drying, cut small pieces with axe.

    Step 2

    Finely grind in the grinder so that the fluff separates.

    Step 3

    Sieve the powder and separate it. Separate some remaining fibers by selecting them from the hands.

    Step 4

    Wash the filtered coco peat thoroughly with water. But soak it in water and leave it for 1 hour. Then squeeze its water with hands.

    Step 5

    Fill the coco peat in the pot and leave it to dry for 1 day. Now it is ready to use.

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    Drawbacks

    The ability to maintain humidity is very high (600–800%).

    Special Instructions

    Wash it thoroughly before use.

    Use coco peat manure for farming.

    It is the one among good organic fertilizer.

    A 50% soil mix and 50% coco peat mixture for planting the pot gives very good results.

    Pests and Diseases

    Pests- Free from pests.

    Diseases- Free from any diseases.

    Price and availability

    It is available online at many online shops. You can also buy it from government or private shops.

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    FAQs

    Q. What is meant by coco peat?

    Cocopeat is a multi purpose growing medium made out of coconut husk. The fibrous coconut husk is pre washed, machine dried, sieved and made free from sand and other contamination such as animal and plant residue. Cocopeat is a very good alternative to traditional peat moss and Rock wool.

    Q. What is Coco peat used for?

    Coco peat is a growing medium and normally used for soil amendments. It is made from the husks of coconuts. The peat is beneficial product for plant growers and provides an alternative growing medium. This is used much like sphagnum peat in garden applications.

    Q. Is coco peat good for plants?

    Coco peat is a good grow medium but not entirely sufficient to grow plants. It’s good for germination but lacks micro and macro nutrients required for plant growth. But a good mixture of coco peat, soil, and fertilizer can do the trick.

    Q. Is coco peat the same as coco coir?

    Coconut coir and coco peat are the same material; the terms are interchangeable.

    Q. What grows in coco peat?

    The product is also found ground into dust, which is called coir dust, and is used to grow many exotic plants such as ferns, bromeliads, anthurium, and orchids. Coco fiber is the brick type and mixed with soil to create air pockets that bring oxygen to plant roots.

    Q. Is coco peat a fertilizer?

    Coco peat is a good grow medium but not entirely sufficient to grow plants. It’s good for germination but lacks micro and macro nutrients required for plant growth. But a good mixture of coco peat, soil, and fertilizer can do the trick.

    Conclusion

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